a. Definition of Racial Discrimination
Racial is an adjective word connected with the word ‘race’ that relates to cultures, languages, particular color of skins, and etcetera. According to The New Shorter Oxford Dictionary (1993; 2459), racism is a belief or ideology that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially to distinguish it as being either superior or inferior to another race or races.
Discrimination is a differential treatment of certain person or community on which that person or community belief in their higher single values upon another by any point of view. Discrimination is often characterized by skin color, nasal index, face index, job position, wealth, et cetera.
It can be concluded that racial discrimination is treating people differently through a process of social division that can produce an inherent superiority and also the prejudice of a particular race.
b. Kind of Racial Discrimination
Racial discrimination as covered by the Race Relation Acts (legislation that against racial discrimination) is not limited to racial discrimination of the ground of one’s race or in the form of color prejudice. There are five kinds of racial discriminations, they are:
a) Racial Harassment
Racial harassment can be a criminal offence and also race prejudice if it persistent. It includes the violation of one’s dignity under the Race Relation Act- including by way of name-calling, as well as the creation of an environment which is hostile or degrading or offensive in which one suffers intimidation.
b) Direct Discrimination
Direct discrimination is when someone is treated less-favorably on ‘racial grounds’ than other people in the same or a similar situation.
c) Indirect Discrimination
Indirect discrimination is when a rule or condition is applied to the public, but people from a certain racial group are not able to meet that rule and there is no justifiable reason for the rule. It is may seem less obvious. It must be shown as being less favorable treatment on racial grounds of a group of persons who in light of the guidelines the Race Relation Acts applies to and that the person complaining of racial discrimination belongs to that group of person.
d) Racial Discrimination Victimization
Racial discrimination victimization is un lawful prejudice under the Race Relation Act, including for the reason that one is suspected that one might complain of racial discrimination.
e) Positive Racial Discrimination
Positive racial discrimination may be practiced ethnic or color or race prejudice in promoting race equality and in the interests good race relations, for example, employers, in order to keep a reasonable balance, by intentional racial discrimination specifically recruiting from a particular color or from a particular racial or ethnic background alone.